Aller au menu Aller au contenu
A new generation of engineers

Paper, print media and biomaterials

A new generation of engineers
A new generation of engineers

> Education

Characterisation of the fibre morphology in wood and in pulp suspension - 3FMT3045

A+Augmenter la taille du texteA-Réduire la taille du texteImprimer le documentEnvoyer cette page par mail Partagez cet article Facebook Twitter Linked In Google+ Viadeo
  • Number of hours

    • Lectures : ?
    • Tutorials : ?
    • Laboratory works : 3.0
    • Projects : ?
    • Internship : ?
    • Written tests : ?
    ECTS : 4.0
  • Officials : Raphael PASSAS

Goals

  • To know how to use an optical microscope.
  • To know about wood structure.
  • To acquire knowledge on the main dimensions of wood fibre

Content

Biomaterials are often reinforced by natural fibres which are coming either from agriculture residuals (like annual plants)or from wood.
This lab session allows you to determine length, width and cell wall thickness of wood fibres both in a wood block and in pulp suspension. This work has to be performed for hardwood and softwood.
Experimental data are statistically interpretated due to the natural dispersity of the cells.

Prerequisites

No specific prerequisites

Tests

Lab session report per group (4 students).

Compte-rendu de séance par groupe (18/20) + implication en séance (2/20)

Calendar

The course exists in the following branches:

see the course schedule for 2018-2019

Additional Information

Course ID : 3FMT3045
Course language(s): FR

You can find this course among all other courses.

Bibliography

Afocel, "Memento", Afocel, Nangis (Fr) (2007). p.29

Aitken Y., Cadel F., Voillot Ch, "Constituants fibreux des pâtes papiers et cartons. Pratique de l’analyse", Grenoble, CTP (1988). P.272.

Akerholm M., Salmen L, "Interactions between wood polymers studied by dynamic FT-IR spectroscopy", Polymer, 42 (3) : 963-969 (2001)

Akerholm M., Salmen L, "The oriented structure of lignin an dits viscoelastic properties studied by static and dynamic FT-IR spectroscopy", Holzforshung, 55 (5) : 459-465 (2003)

Albersheim P.,"The wall of growing plant cells", Scientific American, (232) : 80-92 (1975)

Baude D., Fabre C., Floc’h J.P., Lizeaux C., Peyridieu C., Roger P., Sautereau M., Soulat R., Tavernier R., Vareille A.,"Une ressource naturelle : le bois", dans "Sciences de la Vie et de la Terre 1re ES". Edité par Tavernier R., Lizeaux C., Bordas (2001), pp 239-266

Benoit Y., Dirol D., "Le guide de reconnaissance des bois de France". Eyrolles, Paris ( 2000). P.56

Booker R.E., Sell J.,"The nanostructure of the cell wall of softwoods and its functions in a living tree", Holz als Roh- und Werkstoff, 56 : 1-8 (1998)

Brändström J., Bardage S.L., Daniel G., Nilsson T,"The structural organisation of the S1 cell wall layer of Norway spruce tracheids", IAWA Journa, 24 (1) : 27-40 (2003)

Broderick G., Paris J., Valade J. L., Wood J., "Linking the fiber characteristics and handsheet properties of a high-yield pulp", Tappi J. ,79 (1) : 161-169,1996

Core H.A., Côté W.A., Day A.C., "Wood structure and identification, 2nd edition", Syracuse University Press, Syracuse (1979)

A+Augmenter la taille du texteA-Réduire la taille du texteImprimer le documentEnvoyer cette page par mail Partagez cet article Facebook Twitter Linked In Google+ Viadeo
Grenoble INP Institut d'ingénierie Univ. Grenoble Alpes