Many cellulosic sources are available in Tunisia in large quantities such as agricultural waste (vine stems) and marine residues (Posidonia oceanica leaves and balls). Their valorization presents an interesting activity to produce new products and bio-based biomass materials.
The present work deals with the preparation, characterization and application of nanocellulose. In fact, different qualities of nanocellulose, namely cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) and cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) were produced and characterized by various methods. The objective was to better understand the structure and morphology of the nanofibers obtained from both plants. Finally, various nanocomposites were prepared using the cellulose nanocrystals and cellulose nanofibrils as reinforcing element in polyacrylate polymer as matrix.
The obtained results were compared with those reported for other sources such as annual plants and wood. It has been shown that nanocellulose from Posidonia oceanica and vine stem can be used as a new alternative nanoreinforcing source in nanocomposite applications.