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Une nouvelle génération d'ingénieurs
Une nouvelle génération d'ingénieurs

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Wood and biomass chemistry - 6FMT1001

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  • Number of hours

    • Lectures : 21.0
    • Tutorials : 3.0
    ECTS : 2.3

Goals

Give the structure and characteristics of the most abundant lignocellulosic biomass components: cellulose, lignin, hemicelluloses and explain their chemical behaviour in an agressive environment, with the help of the main mechanisms of organic chemistry

Content

The origin of the interaction of electromagnetic radiations with the molecules and its consequences (colour, fluorescence, photosynthesis...)are explained. The biosynthesis and structure of cellulose, starch, hemicelluloses and lignin are described. The behaviour of these components in an agressive environment(acid medium, alkaline medium, light and heat exposure) is explained with the main mechanisms encountered in organic chemeistry (nucleophilic and electrophilic reactions, acid and alkaline reactions, oxidation and reduction, radical reaction, resonance...)



Prerequisites

Basic principles of organic chemistry

Tests

Semester 7 - The exam is given in english only 

Writen exam



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Additional Information

Semester 7 - This course is given in english only EN

Curriculum->PostMaster Biorefinery->Semester 7


Sécurité-Environnement

Bibliography

The Ljunberg Texbook: Wood Chemistry and Wood Biotechnology. KTH editor Stockholm, Sweden,2008
Wood and Cellulosic Chemistry Edited by David N.S. Hon and Nobio Shiraichi, Marcel Dekker, 1991
Lignins, Occurence, Formation, Structure and reactions, Edited by Sarkanen and Ludwig, John Wiley and Sons, 1971

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Grenoble INP Institut d'ingénierie Univ. Grenoble Alpes