Learning outcomes :
Address and assimilate the main properties of paper material.To be able to understand the influence of a unitary operation (refining) on physical properties.
The influence of a particular unit operation, refining, on the physical properties of paper is discussed.
The practical work, mainly dedicated to refining, illustrates the lectures.
1A course (vocabulary) required
written exam (possibility of second session)
note = note du DS
The course exists in the following branches:
NISKANEN K. Papermaking science and technology. book 16, Paper physics. Helsinki : Fapet Oy, 1998.