Learning outcomes :
This course focuses on :
1. Introduction - why using performance and process additives in papermaking?
2. Composition of the pulp suspension: relevant properties of the cellulosic fibres and fines, of the mineral fillers and pigments and the dissolved and colloïdal substances.
3. Forces at interfaces: a brief survey
4. Characterisation of lignocellulosic materials: key parameters in controlling the papermaking chemistry
5. Performance additives : physico-chemical modification of fibres for improving end-use properties of paper and board
Physical chemistry for papermaking (chapters 1 to 6)
Written exam with a summary of the course made by each student (in 2 or 3 pages)- any other documents are forbidden. A calculator is required (mobile phone are forbidden). Score = A (/20)
Microbiology (Chapter 7) - documents are forbidden. Score = B (/20)
Final score = 0.8A+0.2B
The course exists in the following branches:
 Eklund, D., and Lindström, T., Paper Chemistry, DT PaperScience Publications, Grankulla, Finland, 1991.
 Scott, W.E., Principles of Wet End Chemistry, TAPPI Press, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, 1996.
 Roberts, J.C., The Chemistry of Paper, The Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 1996..
 Neimo, L., Editor, Papermaking Chemistry, Fapet Oy, Helsinki, Finland, 1999..
 Scott, W.E., and Abott, J.C., Properties of paper: An Introduction, 2nd edition, TAPPI Press, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, 1995.
 Paulapuro, H., Paper and board grades, Fapet Oy, Helsinki, Finland, 2000 [co-edition with TAPPI, Atlanta, Ga.].
 Hubbe, M. (2006). Bonding between cellulosic fibers in the absence and presence of dry-strength agents: a review, Bioresources, 1(2), 281-318.
 Lindström, T., Wägberg, L., and Larsson, T. (2005). On the nature of joint strength in paper: A review of dry and wet strength resins used in paper manufacturing, Proceedings of the 13th Fundamental Research Symposium, Cambridge, 457-562.
 WAGBERG L., ANNERGREN G. Physicochemical characterization of papermaking fibres.
in The Fundamentals of papermaking materials, transactions of the 11th fundamental research symposium, Cambridge, 1997, p.-82.
 CHAN L.L. Wet-strength resins and their application. Atlanta : TAPPI Press, 1994.